Preliminary Registration Detail

Research Registry No : PLRID-00412_V1
 
Postgraduate Research :
 
University Departmental Research : yes
 
Registration Date : 2019-05-22
 
Principle Investigator : Thanda Aye
 
Co-Investigators : Hnyun Yi Ywai, Professor Dr. Myo Thuzar Khin
 
Title of Research : Gross motor skill development of Myanmar children with special needs
 
Field of Research : Medical Technology
 
Preliminary Research Design : Analytic Study
 
Preliminary Research Type : Applied
 
Preliminary Justification : In the 2014 census of Myanmar, there were 2.3 million persons (4.6 per cent of the total population) had different types of disability. Among them, 56,464 were children between the ages of 5 to 9 years and 75,397 were between the ages of 0 to 4 years (Thematic report on disability, 2017). The government of Myanmar provides two public schools under the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief, and Resettlement for the children with special needs (https://www.dsw.gov.mm/en/rehabilitation-of-the-persons-with-disabilities). The different types of special needs at the School for the Disabled Children, Yangon are ASD, ADHD, Down’s syndrome, CP, ID, and others. There were total 256 children with special needs from age 6- to 18-year-old at that school in 2017-2018 academic year. Among them, the children under 10-year-old were 78 (58 boys and 20 girls). To our knowledge, no study has investigated gross motors skill development and gender based differences on the gross motor skill development in Myanmar children with special needs. Thus, it is necessary to investigate the level of the gross motor skill development of Myanmar children with special needs. It is expected that the findings of this study will give valuable information on the gross motor skill development of children with special needs and it will be able to aid provision of necessary therapeutic exercise programs for this population.
 
Preliminary Aim : To study gross motor skill development of Myanmar children with special needs
 
Preliminary Objectives : 1. To assess gross motor skill development of children with special needs using TGMD-2 2. To compare TGMD-2 scores between two genders 3. To compare TGMD-2 scores among different types of special needs
 
Preliminary Sample Size : Children with special needs who are attending in the 2019-2020 academic year at the School for the Disabled children, Yangon, Department of Social Welfare, Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief, and Resettlement
 
Preliminary Study Duration : 10 months (June 2019 to March 2020)
 
Preliminary Study Area : School for the Disabled children, Yangon, Department of Social Welfare, Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief, and Resettlement
 
Preliminary Study Method : Test venue and materials will be prepared according to the TGMD-2 requirements (Ulrich, 2000). The TGMD-2 consists of 12 gross motor skills divided into locomotor and object control subtests (Ulrich, 2000). Locomotor subtest includes run, gallop, hop, leap, horizontal jump, and slide (Ulrich, 2000). There are four performance criteria for each skill of run, gallop, horizontal jump, and slide, while hop has five and leap has three criteria, and total 24 criteria for locomotor subtest (Ulrich, 2000). Object Control subtest includes striking a stationary ball, stationary dribble, catch, kick, overhand throw, and underhand roll (Ulrich, 2000). There are five performance criteria for striking a stationary ball, three for catch, while all the rest four items have four for each, and also total 24 for object control subtest (Ulrich, 2000). The participants will be explained and demonstrated each gross motor skill by the researchers. They will be provided one test trial before starting assessment. They will have to perform each gross motor skill twice. Rest period can be provided between each gross motor skill test. The assessment procedures will be done according to the standardized guidelines of TGMD-2. The performance of every child will be videotaped for accurate assessment of all performance criteria. The performance criterion will be scored “1” and “0” for the pass and fail respectively (Ulrich, 2000). The criterion scores will be added up to get skill scores (Ulrich, 2000). The skill scores will be summed to get subtest raw scores (range 0-48) (Ulrich, 2000). The subtest raw scores will be converted to standard scores (range 1-20) and percentiles (range <1- >99) according to the normed tables in TGMD-2 manual depending on age and gender of the participants (Ulrich, 2000). The subtest standard scores will be added up and also converted to gross motor quotient (GMQ) (range 46-160) (Ulrich, 2000). Seven levels of gross motor skill development ranks from very poor to very superior (very poor, poor, below average, average, above average, superior, and very superior)will be given depending on the subtest standard scores and the GMQ for evaluation (Ulrich, 2000).
 
Preliminary Research Outcome : -
 
Preliminary Research Finding : -
 
Preliminary Progress Report : -
 
Study Starting Date : 2019-06-10
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Date : 2018-05-25
 
Placement of IRB/PRC/ERC : University of Medical Technology, Yangon
 
IRB/PRC/ERC Approval Letter/Document : 2. IRB TDA.pdf
 
Pre-existing Registration ID : -
 
Pre-existing Name of Organization : -
 
Pre-existing Name of Organization Website : -